Waubonsee Community College

Bulgaria, a country study, Federal Research Division, Library of Congress ; edited by Glenn E. Curtis

Bulgaria, a country study, Federal Research Division, Library of Congress ; edited by Glenn E. Curtis
Bibliography note
Includes bibliographical references (p. 287-295) and index
federal national government publication
index present
Literary Form
non fiction
Main title
Nature of contents
Oclc number
Responsibility statement
Federal Research Division, Library of Congress ; edited by Glenn E. Curtis
Series statement
Area handbook series,, 1057-5294DA pam, 550-168
Sub title
a country study
Table Of Contents
Early settlement and empire. Pre-Bulgarian civilizations ; The Slavs and the Bulgars ; The first golden age ; The second golden age -- Ottoman rule. Introduction of the Ottoman system ; Bulgarian society under the Turks ; Early decay and upheaval in the empire -- National revival, early stages. The written word ; Commerce and western influences ; European and Russian polices, 1800 -- The Bulgarian independence movement. Revolution in the Balkans ; Cultural expressions of nationalism ; Religious independence ; Early insurrections ; Balkan politics of the mid-nineteenth century ; The first independence organizations ; The final move to independence ; San Stefano, Berlin, and independence -- The decades of national consolidation. Forming the new state ; The Stambolov years ; The rule of Ferdinand ; The Macedonian issue ; Full independence -- The Balkan wars and World War I. The first Balkan war ; The second Balkan war ; World War I -- The interwar period. Stamboliĭski and agrarian reform ; The fall of Stamboliĭski ; The Tsankov and Liapchev governments ; The crises of the 1930s ; The interwar economy ; Foreign policy in the late 1930s -- World War II. The passive alliance ; Wartime crisis ; The Soviet occupation ; Communist consolidation. Initial maneuvering ; The Dimitrov constitution ; Chervenkov and Stalinism in Bulgaria ; Foreign and economic policies ; After Stalin -- The Zhivkov era. Zhivkov takes control ; Zhivkov's political methodology ; The constitution of 1971 ; Foreign affairs in the 1960s and 1970s ; Domestic policy in the 1960s and 1970s ; The political atmosphere in the 1970s ; Bulgaria in the 1980s -- Natural features. Boundaries ; Topography ; Drainage ; Climate ; Environment -- Population. Administrative subdivisions ; Settlement patterns ; Cities ; Internal migration ; Foreign citizens in Bulgaria ; Population trends -- Ethnographic characteristics. Government minority policy ; Bulgarians ; Turks ; Pomaks ; Macedonians ; Gypsies ; Other minorities -- Religion. Eastern orthodoxy ; Islam ; Roman Catholicism ; Protestantism ; Judaism -- Social system. Traditional society ; Family life and modern society ; Social groups and their work -- Social services. Health ; Housing ; Education -- Resource base. Coal and minerals ; Agricultural resources ; Environmental problems -- Labor force. Factors of availability ; Labor and economic reform -- Economic structure and control mechanisms. The centrally planned economy ; The planning system -- Economic policy and performance. Postwar economic policy ; The first five-year plans ; The era of experimentation and reform -- Economic sectors. Fuels ; Energy generation ; Industry ; Agriculture ; Transportation ; Communications -- Banking and finance. Currency and exchange ; Banking system ; Investment policy ; Prices -- Foreign trade. Postwar trade policy ; Bulgaria in Comecon ; Trade with the West and the Third World ; New trade conditions, 1990 -- Standard of living -- Market reform. Reform mechanisms ; The economic policy commission ; Domestic and international economic policies in the 1990s -- The prewar political context -- The early communist era. The state under Dimitrov ; The Chervenkov era[cont.] -- The Zhivkov era. The rise of Zhivkov ; Zhivkov takes control ; The constitution of 1971 ; The last Zhivkov decade ; Issues of dissent ; The removal of Zhivkov -- Governance after Zhivkov. The Mladenov government ; The 1990 stalemate -- Government structure. The role of unofficial organizations ; The national assembly ; The state council and the presidency ; The council of ministers ; The judiciary ; Local government ; Electoral procedures -- Nongovernmental political institutions. The Bulgarian communist (socialist) party ; The union of democratic forces ; Trade unions ; Youth organizations ; The movement for rights and freedoms ; Other political organizations ; The monarchist movement -- The public and political decision making. The intelligentsia ; Zhivkov and the intelligentsia ; The ferment of 1988-90 ; The media and public issues ; The Turkish problem -- Foreign policy. The foreign policy establishment ; Relations with Balkan neighbors ; The Soviet Union ; Western Europe and the United States -- Development of the armed forces. Early development ; From the struggle for national independence to World War I ; The interwar years and World War II ; Postwar development -- National defense posture. Threat perception ; Doctrine and strategy -- Defense organization. The military in the political system ; Government organization for defense ; High command ; Armed services ; Logistics and arms procurement ; Military budget -- Military personnel. Recruitment and service obligations ; Military training ; Officer education ; Reserves and mobilization ; Ranks, uniforms, and insignia -- Foreign military relations. The Warsaw pact ; Military cooperation and exchanges ; Arms sales -- Law and order. Crime ; The judicial system ; The ministry of internal affairs ; The penal system ; Security and intelligence services ; Terrorist and espionage activities -- List of figures. Administrative divisions of Bulgaria, 1991 ; The first Bulgarian empire under Simeon, A.D. 893-927 ; The second Bulgarian empire under Ivan Asen II, 1218-41 ; Hajdutin activity in the Ottoman empire, 1600-1800 ; Territorial changes according to the Treaty of Bucharest, 1913 ; Territorial changes according to the Treaty of Neuillysur-Seine, 1919 ; Topography and drainage ; Population centers, 1990 ; Energy and mineral resources ; Principal crops, 1990 ; Transportation system, 1988 ; Ranks and insignia of ground forces, 1990 ; Ranks and insignia of naval forces, 1990 ; Ranks and insignia of air forces and air defense forces, 1990
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