Waubonsee Community College

Austria, a country study, Federal Research Division, Library of Congress ; edited by Eric Solsten and David E. McClave

Austria, a country study, Federal Research Division, Library of Congress ; edited by Eric Solsten and David E. McClave
Bibliography note
Includes bibliographical references (p. 273-286) and index
federal national government publication
index present
Literary Form
non fiction
Main title
Nature of contents
Oclc number
Responsibility statement
Federal Research Division, Library of Congress ; edited by Eric Solsten and David E. McClave
Series statement
Area handbook series,, 1057-5294DA pam, 550-176
Sub title
a country study
Table Of Contents
The Alpine-Danubian region before the Habsburg dynasty. The Celtic and Roman eras ; The early medieval era ; The Holy Roman Empire and the Duchy of Austria -- Rise of the Habsburg empire. The Habsburg dynasty in the late medieval era ; Territorial expansion, division, and consolidation ; The Protestant Reformation in the Habsburg lands ; The Turkish threat -- The counter-reformation and the Thirty Years' War. Division and rebellion ; The Thirty Years' War, 1618-48 ; The peace of Westphalia -- The baroque era. Political and religious consolidation under Leopold ; The Turkish wars and the siege of Vienna ; The war of the Spanish succession ; The pragmatic sanction and the war of the Austrian succession, 1740-48 -- The reforms of Maria Theresa and Joseph II. Baroque absolutism and enlightened despotism ; The strategic impact of the reform era -- The Habsburg empire and the French revolution. The Napoleonic wars ; The congress of Vienna -- Austria in the age of Metternich. International developments, 1815-48 ; Domestic policies -- The revolution of 1848 and neoabsolutism. Revolutionary rise and fall ; The failure of neoabsolutism ; Loss of leadership in Germany -- Austria-Hungary to the early 1900s. The founding of the dual monarchy ; Final defeat in Germany and reconciliation with Prussia ; The eastern question ; Internal developments in Austria -- The final years of the empire and World War I. The crisis over Bosnia and Hercegovina ; World War I ; The end of the Hapsburg empire and the birth of the Austrian republic -- The first republic. Overview of the political camps ; The foundation of the first republic ; Political life of the 1920s and early 1930s ; The end of constitutional rule ; Growing German pressure on Austria -- The Anschluss and World War II. Absorption of Austria into the Third Reich ; Nazi economic and social policies ; Repression and compliance ; World War II and the defeat of Nazi Germany -- Restored independence under Allied occupation. Foundation of the second republic ; Four power occupation and recognition of the provisional government ; The 1945 election and consolidation of the Austrian government ; Consolidation of democracy ; Austria's integration with the West ; The 1955 state treaty and Austrian neutrality -- The grand coalition and the Austrian people's party coda, 1955-70. Foreign policy in the late 1950s and the 1960s ; Elections and parties ; Domestic tranquility under the grand coalition -- The Kreisky years, 1970-83. Electoral politics in the Kreisky era ; Domestic issues ; Foreign policy ; End of the Kreisky era -- Geography. Landform regions ; Human geography ; Climate ; Ecological concerns -- Austrian national identity -- Demography. Demographic development ; Immigration ; Emigration[cont.] Social Minorities. Official minority groups ; Other minorities ; Attitudes toward minorities -- Social structure -- Family life. Family developments after the 1960s ; Status of women -- Religion -- Education -- Social Security. Employment, unemployment, and pension benefits ; Health and health insurance ; Family benefits -- Housing -- Economic growth and government policy. Historical background ; Developments during the 1970s and 1980s ; The new policies ; The magic pentagon ; The subsidy policy ; Foreign workers in Austria -- Principal economic interest groups. The chambers of commerce ; The chambers of agriculture ; The chambers of labor ; The professions ; The Austrian trade union federation ; Works councils ; The federation of Austrian industrialists -- Social partnership -- Structure of the economy. The agricultural sector ; The industrial sector ; Energy ; The services sector -- Foreign economic relations. Foreign trade and the balance of payments ; Austria and European integration ; Openings toward the east -- Constitutional framework -- Government institutions. The federal president ; Chancellor and cabinet ; Nationalrat ; Bundesrat ; Bundesversammlung ; Judicial system ; Civil service ; Provincial government ; Local government ; Electoral system -- Political dynamics. The social democratic party of Austria ; The Austrian people's party ; The freedom party of Austria ; The green parties ; Political developments since 1983 -- Mass media. Newspapers and periodicals ; Radio and television -- Foreign relations. Foreign policy during the Kreisky era ; New focus on Europe ; Regional issues -- Historical background. The Hapsburg military ; Two world wars, 1914-18 and 1939-45 -- Strategic concepts and missions of the Austrian armed forces -- Neutrality and the armed forces -- National defense. Army ; Personnel, conscription, training, and reserves ; Army equipment ; Air force ; Uniforms, ranks, and insignia ; Military justice ; The defense budget ; Domestic and foreign sources of military equipment -- Internal security. Penal codes ; Criminal court proceedings ; Police ; Incidence of crime ; Penal system -- List of figures. Administrative division of Austria, 1993 ; Europe in the sixteenth century ; Austrian empire, 1815 ; Austria-Hungary, 1867-1918 ; Topography and drainage ; Population by age and gender, 1990 ; Population by age and gender, projected 2020 ; Structure of the education system, 1993 ; Economic activity, 1993 ; Transportation system, 1993 ; Structure of government, 1993 ; Organization of national defense, planned 1995 ; Major military installations, planned 1995 ; Military ranks and insignia, 1993
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