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The Resource Sex testing : gender policing in women's sports, Lindsay Parks Pieper

Sex testing : gender policing in women's sports, Lindsay Parks Pieper

Label
Sex testing : gender policing in women's sports
Title
Sex testing
Title remainder
gender policing in women's sports
Statement of responsibility
Lindsay Parks Pieper
Creator
Author
Subject
Language
eng
Summary
  • "In 1968, the International Olympic Committee (IOC) implemented sex testing for female athletes at that year's Games. When it became clear that testing regimes failed to delineate a sex divide, the IOC began to test for gender --a shift that allowed the organization to control the very idea of womanhood. Lindsay Parks Pieper explores sex testing in sport from the 1930s to the early 2000s. Focusing on assumptions and goals as well as means, Pieper examines how the IOC in particular insisted on a misguided binary notion of gender that privileged Western norms. Testing evolved into a tool to identify--and eliminate--athletes the IOC deemed too strong, too fast, or too successful. Pieper shows how this system punished gifted women while hindering the development of women's athletics for decades. She also reveals how the flawed notions behind testing--ideas often sexist, racist, or ridiculous--degraded the very idea of female athleticism"--
  • "To assess the long-lasting significance of sex testing in sport, this book explores its history, from the 1930s to the early 2000s, with particular emphasis on the International Olympic Committee's mandated compulsory sex checks on all female competitors. In 1968 the Medical Commission implemented the first test of the modern Olympic Movement. The procedure intended to guarantee the authenticity of Olympic competitors and identify male masqueraders, as well as to scientifically confirm the separation of men and women in athletic competition. Although the Medical Commission never discovered a single male imposter, and the test illustrated the impossibility of determining the exact constitution of woman, the IOC maintained the policy for three decades. With both the impossibility of discovering a clear sex divide and the increased presence of female dopers, the IOC adjusted its semantic framework to encapsulate gender normativity. The conspicuous adjustment from sex to gender underscored the Medical Commission's changing anxieties. Rather than to catch men disguised as women, the test evolved into a measure to preclude female Olympians with biological advantages. In other words, the Medical Commission eventually viewed gender verification as a tool to eliminate competitors it deemed too strong, too fast or too successful for women's competition. Olympic womanhood--dependent on a belief in natural, dichotomous sex/gender difference--required female athletes to conform to conventional notions of white, Western femininity. Through these regulations, the IOC has continuously reaffirmed a binary notion of sex, privileged white gender norms and hampered female athleticism"--
Member of
Assigning source
  • Provided by publisher
  • Provided by publisher
Cataloging source
DLC
http://library.link/vocab/creatorDate
1985-
http://library.link/vocab/creatorName
Pieper, Lindsay Parks
Dewey number
362.29/088796
Government publication
government publication of a state province territory dependency etc
Index
index present
LC call number
GV709
LC item number
.P48 2016
Literary form
non fiction
Nature of contents
bibliography
Series statement
Sport and society
http://library.link/vocab/subjectName
  • IOC Medical Commission
  • IOC Medical Commission
  • Women athletes
  • Sex discrimination in sports
  • Sports
  • SOCIAL SCIENCE / Gender Studies
  • SOCIAL SCIENCE / Women's Studies
  • SPORTS & RECREATION / Olympics
  • Sex discrimination in sports
  • Sports
  • Women athletes
  • Athletes
  • Athletic Performance
  • Sex Characteristics
  • Sexism
  • Gender Identity
  • Racism
Label
Sex testing : gender policing in women's sports, Lindsay Parks Pieper
Instantiates
Publication
Bibliography note
Includes bibliographical references and index
Carrier category
volume
Carrier category code
nc
Carrier MARC source
rdacarrier
Content category
text
Content type code
txt
Content type MARC source
rdacontent
Contents
"A careful inquiry to establish her sex beyond a doubt": sex/gender anxieties in track and field -- "Because they have muscles, big ones": Cold War gender norms and international sport, 1952-1967 -- Is the athlete "right" or "wrong"? The IOC's chromosomal construction of womanhood, 1968-1972 -- "East Germany's mighty sports machine": steroids, nationalism, and femininity testing -- US vs. USSR: Gender testing, doping checks, and Olympic boycotts -- "One of the most horrid misuses of a scientific method": the development of a protest -- "Gender testing per se is no longer necessary": the IAAF's and the IOC's continued control -- Epilogue: The reintroduction of gender verification
Control code
ocn926062614
Dimensions
24 cm.
Extent
x, 250 pages
Isbn
9780252081682
Isbn Type
(paperback)
Lccn
2015042892
Media category
unmediated
Media MARC source
rdamedia
Media type code
n
System control number
  • (Sirsi) i9780252081682
  • (OCoLC)926062614
Label
Sex testing : gender policing in women's sports, Lindsay Parks Pieper
Publication
Bibliography note
Includes bibliographical references and index
Carrier category
volume
Carrier category code
nc
Carrier MARC source
rdacarrier
Content category
text
Content type code
txt
Content type MARC source
rdacontent
Contents
"A careful inquiry to establish her sex beyond a doubt": sex/gender anxieties in track and field -- "Because they have muscles, big ones": Cold War gender norms and international sport, 1952-1967 -- Is the athlete "right" or "wrong"? The IOC's chromosomal construction of womanhood, 1968-1972 -- "East Germany's mighty sports machine": steroids, nationalism, and femininity testing -- US vs. USSR: Gender testing, doping checks, and Olympic boycotts -- "One of the most horrid misuses of a scientific method": the development of a protest -- "Gender testing per se is no longer necessary": the IAAF's and the IOC's continued control -- Epilogue: The reintroduction of gender verification
Control code
ocn926062614
Dimensions
24 cm.
Extent
x, 250 pages
Isbn
9780252081682
Isbn Type
(paperback)
Lccn
2015042892
Media category
unmediated
Media MARC source
rdamedia
Media type code
n
System control number
  • (Sirsi) i9780252081682
  • (OCoLC)926062614

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