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The Resource From sight to light : the passage from ancient to modern optics, A. Mark Smith

From sight to light : the passage from ancient to modern optics, A. Mark Smith

Label
From sight to light : the passage from ancient to modern optics
Title
From sight to light
Title remainder
the passage from ancient to modern optics
Statement of responsibility
A. Mark Smith
Creator
Author
Subject
Genre
Language
eng
Summary
From its inception in Greek antiquity, the science of optics was aimed primarily at explaining sight and accounting for why things look as they do. By the end of the seventeenth century, however, the analytic focus of optics had shifted to light: its fundamental properties and such physical behaviors as reflection, refraction, and diffraction. This dramatic shift--which A. Mark Smith characterizes as the "Keplerian turn"--Lies at the heart of this fascinating and pioneering study. Breaking from previous scholarship that sees Johannes Kepler as the culmination of a long-evolving optical tradition that traced back to Greek antiquity via the Muslim Middle Ages, Smith presents Kepler instead as marking a rupture with this tradition, arguing that his theory of retinal imaging, which was published in 1604, was instrumental in prompting the turn from sight to light. Kepler's new theory of sight, Smith reveals, thus takes on true historical significance: by treating the eye as a mere light-focusing device rather than an image-producing instrument--as traditionally understood--Kepler's account of retinal imaging helped spur the shift in analytic focus that eventually led to modern optics. A sweeping survey, From Sight to Light is poised to become the standard reference for historians of optics as well as those interested more broadly in the history of science, the history of art, and cultural and intellectual history.--Publisher website
Cataloging source
ICU/DLC
http://library.link/vocab/creatorName
Smith, A. Mark
Dewey number
535/.209
Illustrations
illustrations
Index
index present
LC call number
QC352
LC item number
.S57 2014
Literary form
non fiction
Nature of contents
bibliography
http://library.link/vocab/subjectName
  • Optics
  • Vision, Ocular
  • Visual Perception
  • SCIENCE
  • Optics
  • Optik
  • Sehen
Label
From sight to light : the passage from ancient to modern optics, A. Mark Smith
Instantiates
Publication
Copyright
Bibliography note
Includes bibliographical references (pages 417-440) and index
Carrier category
volume
Carrier category code
  • nc
Carrier MARC source
rdacarrier
Content category
text
Content type code
  • txt
Content type MARC source
rdacontent
Contents
Introduction -- The emergence of optics as a science : the Greek and early Greco-Roman background. Early intimations ; Physical and psychological theories of vision ; The anatomical and physiological grounds of vision ; Theories of color and color perception ; The Euclidean visual ray theory ; Euclidean catoptrics ; Burning mirrors and the analysis of focal properties ; Conclusion -- Ptolemy and the flowering of Greek optics. The Ptolemaic account of visual perception ; The Ptolemaic account of reflection ; The Ptolemaic account of refraction ; Atmospheric refraction and the moon illusion ; Conclusion -- Greco-Roman and early Arabic developments. Plotinus's theory of visual perception ; The later De anima commentators ; Saint Augustine's psychological model : the inward ascent ; The Arabic transition : the De anima tradition ; The Arabic transition : geometrical optics ; Conclusion -- Alhacen and the grand synthesis. The elements of Alhacen's analysis ; Visual discrimination, perception, and conception ; Reflection and its visual manifestations ; Refraction and its visual manifestations ; Conclusion -- Developments in the Medieval Latin west. Background to the translation movement ; The translation movement and the inroads of Aristotelianism ; The scholastic analysis of perception and cognition ; Geometrical optics and the evolving science of Perspectiva ; Conclusion -- The assimilation of perspectivist optics during the later Middle Ages and Renaissance. Optics as a quadrivial pursuit in the arts curriculum ; Theology and the emergence of optical literacy ; Optical motifs in literature ; Renaissance art, naturalism, and optics ; Conclusion -- The Keplerian turn and its technical background. Technological, social, and cultural changes : 1450-1600 ; Rethinking concave mirrors and convex lenses ; Rethinking the eye ; Kepler's analysis of retinal imaging ; The analytic turn ; The epistemological turn ; Conclusion -- The seventeenth-century response. The conceptual and cultural context for the Keplerian turn ; Extending vision in both directions ; New theories of light ; Recasting color ; The epistemological consequences ; Conclusion
Control code
ocn871670500
Dimensions
24 cm
Extent
xi, 457 pages
Isbn
9780226174761
Lccn
2014015929
Media category
unmediated
Media MARC source
rdamedia
Media type code
  • n
Other physical details
illustrations
System control number
  • (Sirsi) i9780226174761
  • (OCoLC)871670500
Label
From sight to light : the passage from ancient to modern optics, A. Mark Smith
Publication
Copyright
Bibliography note
Includes bibliographical references (pages 417-440) and index
Carrier category
volume
Carrier category code
  • nc
Carrier MARC source
rdacarrier
Content category
text
Content type code
  • txt
Content type MARC source
rdacontent
Contents
Introduction -- The emergence of optics as a science : the Greek and early Greco-Roman background. Early intimations ; Physical and psychological theories of vision ; The anatomical and physiological grounds of vision ; Theories of color and color perception ; The Euclidean visual ray theory ; Euclidean catoptrics ; Burning mirrors and the analysis of focal properties ; Conclusion -- Ptolemy and the flowering of Greek optics. The Ptolemaic account of visual perception ; The Ptolemaic account of reflection ; The Ptolemaic account of refraction ; Atmospheric refraction and the moon illusion ; Conclusion -- Greco-Roman and early Arabic developments. Plotinus's theory of visual perception ; The later De anima commentators ; Saint Augustine's psychological model : the inward ascent ; The Arabic transition : the De anima tradition ; The Arabic transition : geometrical optics ; Conclusion -- Alhacen and the grand synthesis. The elements of Alhacen's analysis ; Visual discrimination, perception, and conception ; Reflection and its visual manifestations ; Refraction and its visual manifestations ; Conclusion -- Developments in the Medieval Latin west. Background to the translation movement ; The translation movement and the inroads of Aristotelianism ; The scholastic analysis of perception and cognition ; Geometrical optics and the evolving science of Perspectiva ; Conclusion -- The assimilation of perspectivist optics during the later Middle Ages and Renaissance. Optics as a quadrivial pursuit in the arts curriculum ; Theology and the emergence of optical literacy ; Optical motifs in literature ; Renaissance art, naturalism, and optics ; Conclusion -- The Keplerian turn and its technical background. Technological, social, and cultural changes : 1450-1600 ; Rethinking concave mirrors and convex lenses ; Rethinking the eye ; Kepler's analysis of retinal imaging ; The analytic turn ; The epistemological turn ; Conclusion -- The seventeenth-century response. The conceptual and cultural context for the Keplerian turn ; Extending vision in both directions ; New theories of light ; Recasting color ; The epistemological consequences ; Conclusion
Control code
ocn871670500
Dimensions
24 cm
Extent
xi, 457 pages
Isbn
9780226174761
Lccn
2014015929
Media category
unmediated
Media MARC source
rdamedia
Media type code
  • n
Other physical details
illustrations
System control number
  • (Sirsi) i9780226174761
  • (OCoLC)871670500

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