Coverart for item
The Resource African Americans in Congress : a documentary history, Eric Freedman, Stephen A. Jones

African Americans in Congress : a documentary history, Eric Freedman, Stephen A. Jones

Label
African Americans in Congress : a documentary history
Title
African Americans in Congress
Title remainder
a documentary history
Statement of responsibility
Eric Freedman, Stephen A. Jones
Creator
Contributor
Subject
Genre
Language
eng
Summary
This book presents an in-depth, engrossing look at the African American political experience and the history of African American legislators in the U.S. Senate and House of Representatives. This unique resource combines original narrative with more than 160 primary source documents, from the first steps toward enfranchisement through modern lawmakers visions for the United States
Cataloging source
DLC
http://library.link/vocab/creatorName
Freedman, Eric
Dewey number
328.730089/96073
Illustrations
illustrations
Index
index present
LC call number
JK1021
LC item number
.A47 2008
Literary form
non fiction
Nature of contents
bibliography
http://library.link/vocab/relatedWorkOrContributorDate
1951-
http://library.link/vocab/relatedWorkOrContributorName
Jones, Stephen A.
http://library.link/vocab/subjectName
  • United States
  • African American legislators
  • Legislators
  • African Americans
  • Abgeordneter
  • Schwarze
  • USA
  • United States
  • African American legislators
  • African Americans
  • Legislators
  • United States
Label
African Americans in Congress : a documentary history, Eric Freedman, Stephen A. Jones
Link
http://catdir.loc.gov/catdir/toc/ecip081/2007040318.html
Instantiates
Publication
Bibliography note
Includes bibliographical references (p. 553-560) and index
Contents
  • 1.3.
  • Northwest Ordinance, July 13, 1787
  • 1.4.
  • Constitution of the United States, September 17, 1787
  • 1.5.
  • A petition of four free blacks to the United States House of Representatives, as presented to Congress on January 30, 1797
  • 1.6.
  • Missouri Compromise, March 6, 1820
  • 1.7.
  • Excerpt from pamphlet by Maria W. Stewart, Boston, October 1831
  • Preface
  • 1.8.
  • William Hamilton addresses the Fourth Annual National Negro Convention, New York, June 2, 1834
  • 1.9.
  • Appeal of forty thousand citizens, threatened with disfranchisement, to the People of Pennsylvania, 1838
  • 1.10.
  • Charles L. Remond decries segregation before a committee of the Massachusetts House of Representatives, 1842
  • 1.11a.
  • Henry Clay's resolution, January 29, 1850
  • 1.11b.
  • Fugitive Slave Act, September 18, 1850
  • 1.
  • 1.12.
  • Frederick Douglass outlines his political philosophy for the Rochester ladies Anti-Slavery Society, Rochester, New York, July 5, 1852
  • 1.13.
  • An act to organize the territories of Nebraska and Kansas, May 30, 1854
  • 1.14.
  • Judgment in the U.S. Supreme Court case Dred Scott v. Sandford, March 6, 1857
  • The Revolutionary War to Dred Scott : the antecedents of political empowerment, 1776-1857
  • Documents
  • 1.
  • Declaration of Independence, July 4, 1776
  • 1.2.
  • Petition for voting rights from seven African American men, Dartmouth, Massachusetts, March 1780
  • Preliminary Emancipation Proclamation, September 22, 1862
  • 2.3b.
  • Emancipation Proclamation, January 1, 1863
  • 2.4.
  • Correspondence about the Union Naval Service of Robert Smalls, May 1862 and January 1883
  • 2.5.
  • Petition of the Colored Citizens of Queens County, New York, September 1862
  • 2.6.
  • Letters about the New York City Draft Riots from eyewitness Edward Markoe Wright to his mother, July 1863
  • 2.7.
  • 2.
  • Army appropriations bill mandating equal treatment of African American soldiers in the Union Army, June 15, 1864
  • 2.8.
  • Thirteenth Amendment to the Constitution, passed by Congress January 31, 1865, ratified December 6, 1865
  • 2.9.
  • Confederate authorization to enlist slaves, as promulgated by the Confederate Adjutant and Inspector General's Office, March 23, 1865
  • 2.10.
  • Freedmen's Bureau Act, March 3, 1865
  • The Civil War : the slavery debate erupts, 1860-1865
  • Documents
  • 2.1.
  • Declaration of the immediate causes which induce and justify the secession of South Carolina from the Federal Union, adopted December 24, 1860
  • 2.2.
  • Permanent Constitution of the Confederate States of America, March 11, 1861
  • 2.3a.
  • Fifteenth Amendment to the Constitution, passed by Congress February 26, 1869, ratified February 3, 1870
  • 3.4.
  • Senate debate on the seating of Hiram R. Revels of Mississippi, February 23-25, 1870
  • 3.5.
  • Sen. Hiram R. Revels, R-Miss., speaks in support of school desegregation in Washington, D.C., February 8, 1871
  • 3.6.
  • Rep. Robert C. De Large, R-S.C., supports the Ku Klux Klan Act, April 6, 1871
  • 3.7.
  • Rep. Robert B. Elliott, R-S.C., opposes legislation offering amnesty to former Confederates, March 14, 1871
  • 3.8.
  • 3.
  • P.B.S. Pinchback argues for a seat in Congress, June 8, 1874
  • 3.9.
  • Rep. John R. Lynch, R-Miss., speaks in support of the Civil Rights Bill, February 3, 1875
  • 3.10.
  • Mississippi in 1875, Report of the Senate Select Committee to inquire into the Mississippi election of 1876, August 7, 1876
  • 3.11.
  • Senate Select Committee report on the Freedman's Savings and Trust Company, April 2, 1880
  • 3.12.
  • U.S. Supreme Court decision in the Civil Rights Cases, October 15, 1883
  • Reconstruction : increasing rights and political empowerment, 1868-1883
  • Documents
  • 3.1.
  • Articles of Impeachment of President Andrew Johnson, presented to the Senate by Rep. John A. Bingham, R-Ohio, march 4, 1868
  • 3.2.
  • Fourteenth Amendment to the Constitution, proposed to the states by Congress June 16, 1866, ratified July 9, 1868
  • 3.3.
  • Rep. James E. O'Hara, R.-N.C., speaks against a bill to regulate the oleomargarine industry June 2, 1886
  • 4.4.
  • Excerpts from House debate on the Federal Elections Bill, July 1890
  • 4.5.
  • U.S. Supreme Court decision in Plessy v. Ferguson, May 18, 1896
  • 4.6.
  • Afro-American Sentinel editorial on William Jennings Bryan and his support of Rep. Henry P. Cheatham, R-N.C., August 29, 1896
  • 4.7.
  • Amended Constitution of Louisiana, 1898
  • 4.8.
  • 4.
  • The Democratic Hand Book, 1898, North Carolina
  • 4.9.
  • Newspaper accounts chronicling lynching and vigilantism 1891-1904
  • 4.10.
  • Rep. George H. White, R-N.C., delivers his valedictory speech on the floor of the House of Representatives, January 29, 1901
  • 4.11.
  • A Republican Text-book for colored Voters, 1901
  • 4.12.
  • George E. Taylor accepts the National LIberty Party's Presidential nomination, July 1904
  • After reconstruction : political disenfranchisement and banishment, 1880-1904
  • Documents
  • 4.1.
  • Benjamin Singleton testifies before the Senate Select Committee to Investigate the Causes of the Removal of the Negroes from the Southern States to the Northern States, April 17, 1880
  • 4.2.
  • U.S. Supreme Court decision in the Ku-Klux cases, ex parte Yarbrough, March 3, 1884
  • 4.3.
  • Rep. Oscar S. De Priest, R-Ill., challenges segregation of the restaurant of the Capitol, March 21, 1934
  • 5.4.
  • Rep. Arthur W. Mitchell, D-Ill., addresses declining support among blacks for the Republican Party, June 1, 1936
  • 5.5.
  • Mary McLeod Bethune reports to President Franklin D. Roosevelt on the problems of the Negro and Negro youth, January 18, 1937
  • 5.6.
  • Executive Order 8802, Prohibition of Discrimination in the Defense Industry, June 25, 1941
  • 5.7.
  • "Civil War II," from Marching Blacks, by Rep. Adam Clayton Powell Jr., D-N.Y., 1945
  • 5.8.
  • 5.
  • Executive Order 9981, desegregation of the Armed Forces, July 26, 1948
  • 5.9.
  • U.S. Supreme Court decision in Brown v. Board of Education, May 17, 1954
  • 5.10.
  • Rep. Charles C. Diggs Jr., D-Mich., argues for voter rights legislation, June 10, 1957
  • 5.11.
  • Civil Rights Act of 1964, July 2, 1964
  • The early twentieth century to the civil rights movement : a slow return to Washington, 1913-1964
  • Documents
  • 5.1.
  • Seventeenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, passed by Congress May 13, 1912, ratified April 8, 1913
  • 5.2.
  • U.S. Supreme Court decision in Nixon v. Herndon, March 7, 1927
  • 5.3.
  • President Richard M. Nixon's letter to members of the Congressional Black Caucus, May 18, 1971
  • 6.4.
  • Rep. Ronald V. Dellums, D-Calif., recalls the fight for a prized committee assignment in January 1973
  • 6.5.
  • Opening statements of House Judiciary Committee members John Conyers Jr., D-Mich., Charles B. Rangel, D-N.Y., and Barbara C. Jordan, D-Texas, on the impeachment of President Richard M. Nixon, July 1974
  • 6.6.
  • Office of Management and Budget analyzes Congressional Black Caucus proposals, September 1974
  • 6.7.
  • Excerpts from the 1975 Congressional Black Caucus Legislative Agenda, March 5, 1975
  • 6.8.
  • 6.
  • President Jimmy Carter's remarks at the swearing-in of Rep. Andrew J. Young Jr., D-Ga., as U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations, January 30, 1977
  • 6.9.
  • Humphrey-Hawkins Full Employment and Balanced Growth Act, October 27, 1978
  • 6.10.
  • Legislation creating the Martin Luther King Jr. holiday, November 2, 1983
  • 6.11.
  • Comprehensive Anti-apartheid Act of 1986, October 2, 1986
  • 6.12.
  • Congressional Black Caucus Fiscal Year 1991 Alternative Budget, April 1990
  • The civil rights movement and beyond : equal rights and political empowerment, 1965-1993
  • Documents
  • 6.1.
  • Voting Rights Act of 1965, August 6, 1965
  • 6.2.
  • Rep. Charles B. Rangel, D-N.Y., describes the foundling of the Congressional Black Caucus in 1971
  • 6.3.
  • Rep. Sanford D. Bishop Jr., D-Ga., supports the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Act, July 31, 1996
  • 7.4.
  • Rep. J.C. Watts Jr., R-Okla., delivers the GOP reply to President Bill Clinton's State of the Union Address, February 4, 1997
  • 7.5.
  • Minority report of the House Committee on the Judiciary on the Impeachment of President Bill Clinton, December 16, 1998
  • 7.6.
  • Black Caucus members challenge Florida electoral college votes in the 2000 election, January 6, 2001
  • 7. 7.
  • Rep. John Conyers Jr., D-Mich., attacks challenge to Affirmative Action, April 1, 2003
  • 7.8.
  • 7.
  • Congressional Black Caucus opposes the nomination of John G. Roberts Jr. as Chief Justice, September 20, 2005
  • 7.9.
  • Sen. Barack Obama, D-Ill., on "Teaching our kids in a 21st century economy," October 25, 2005
  • 7.10.
  • Renewal of the Voting Rights Act of 1965, July 27, 2006
  • The modern era : the congressional black caucus and the "Republican revolution," 1994-2007
  • Documents
  • 7.1.
  • Letter by House Committee chairs opposing the appointment of Clarence Thomas to the U.S. Supreme Court, September 11, 1991
  • 7.2.
  • Republican contract with America, September 27, 1994
  • 7.3.
  • James W. Ford Accepts the 1936 Communist Party nomination for Vice President, June 1936
  • 8.4.
  • Edward W. Brooke III of Massachusetts discusses Republican conservatism, 1966
  • 8.5a.
  • Campaign flyer for Charles B. Rangel in New York's Nineteenth Congressional District, June 1972
  • 8.5.b.
  • Campaign flyer for Livingston L. Wingate in New York's Nineteenth Congressional District, June 1972
  • 8.6.
  • Harold Washington delivers his first inaugural address as Mayor of Chicago, April 29, 1983
  • 8.7.
  • 8.
  • Republican Reps. Gary A. Franks of Connecticut and J.C. Watts Jr. of Oklahoma describe their first campaigns in 1990 and 1994
  • 8.8.
  • Republican Alan Keyes and Democrat Barack Obama debate the issues in the Illinois election for U.S. Senate, October 21, 2004
  • 8.9.
  • Political endorsements for Democratic House candidate Keith Ellison of Minnesota, 2006
  • 8.10.
  • Sen. Elizabeth H. Dole, R-N.C., and Sen. Charles E. Schumer, D-N.Y., discuss the Ford and Steele campaigns with Tim Russert on Meet the Press, November 5, 2006
  • African Americans run for office : campaigns and elections
  • Documents
  • 8.1.
  • J. Willis Menard, R-La., tries to claim a seat, February 27, 1869
  • 8.2.
  • Rep. John R. Lynch, R-Miss., recollects his election campaigns, 1872-1882
  • 8.3.
  • House resolution to seat Rep. Adam Clayton Powell Jr., D-N.Y., January 3, 1969
  • 9.3.
  • Appeals Court affirms the corruption conviction of Rep. Charles C. Diggs Jr., D-Mich., in U.S. v. Diggs, November 14, 1979
  • 9.4.
  • Articles of Impeachment against Judge Alcee L. Hastings, October 20, 1989
  • 9.5.
  • Resolution of House Committee on Official Standards authorizing an investigation of Rep. Gus Savage, D-Ill., August 3, 1989, and Savage's letter of apology, November 20, 1989
  • 9.6.
  • Judge's decision upholding mistrial in criminal case against Rep. Harold E. Ford, D-Tenn., in U.S. v. Ford, April 10, 1991
  • 9.7.
  • 9.
  • Federal indictment of Rep. Melvin J. Reynolds, D-Ill., in U.S. v. Melvin J. Reynolds and Marisol C. Reynolds, November 7, 1996
  • 9.8.
  • Opening appellate brief of former Rep. Walter R. Tucker III, D-Calif, in U.S. v Walter R. Tucker, May 13, 1997
  • 9.9
  • Justice Department press release announces criminal case against former Del. Walter E. Fauntroy, D-D.C., March 22, 1995
  • 9.10.
  • Congressional accountability project letter accusing Rep. Barbara-Rose Collins, D-Mich., of ethics violations, October 3, 1995
  • 9.11a.
  • Rep. Frank W. Ballance Jr.'s resignation letter, June 8, 2004
  • 9.11b.
  • African Americans face a political reality : ethics and corruption investigations
  • Statement of House Minority Leader Nancy Pelosi, D-Calif., on Rep. Ballance's resignation, June 8, 2004
  • 9.12.
  • U.S. Court of Appeals decision on the search of the Capitol Hill office of Rep. William R. Jefferson, D-La., August 3, 2007
  • Documents
  • 9.1a.
  • Editorial and letter to the editor opposing Rep. William L. Dawson, D-Ill., as potential Postmaster General, Chicago Daily News, December 1960
  • 9.1b.
  • Letters to President-elect John F. Kennedy, opposing consideration of Rep. Dawson as possible Postmaster General, December 1960
  • 9.2.
  • Letter to President Ronald Reagan from the Congressional Caucus on Women's Issues, September 28, 1982
  • 10.4.
  • Rep. Katie B. Hall, D-Ind., leads debate on bill to establish a national holiday honoring Rev. Martin Luther King Jr., August 2, 1983
  • 10.5.
  • Rep. Barbara C. Jordan, D-Texas, reflects on President Lyndon B. Johnson's Great Society, April 1985
  • 10.6.
  • Sen. Carol Moseley-Braun, D-Ill., pleads the case of battered women, March 30, 1990
  • 10.7.
  • Rep. Cardiss Collins, D-Ill., urges the House to approve the Child Safety Protection Act, May 23, 1994
  • 10.8.
  • 10.
  • Rep. Sheila Jackson-Lee, D-Texas, eulogizes Rep. Barbara C. Jordan, January 24, 1996
  • 10.9.
  • Rep. Sheila Jackson-Lee, D-Texas, argues against impeaching President Bill Clinton, October 6, 1998
  • 10.10.
  • Rep. Maxine Waters, D-Calif., attacks Republicans on Iraq War policies in House debate, June 14, 2006
  • 10.11.
  • Rep. Carolyn Cheeks Kilpatrick, D-Mich., pleads for action on Darfur crisis, September 20, 2006
  • 10.12.
  • Del. Eleanor Holmes Norton, D-D.C., introduces the D.C. House Voting Rights Bill of 2007, March 12, 2007
  • African American women in Congress : a long road to office
  • Documents
  • 10.1.
  • Nineteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution passed by Congress on June 4, 1919, ratified August 18, 1920
  • 10.2.
  • Rep. Shirley A. Chisholm, D-N.Y., supports the Equal Rights Amendment, August 10, 1970
  • 10.3.
  • Rep. Thomas E. Miller, R-S.C., calls for civil rights protections, January 12, 1891
  • 11.4.
  • Opponents filibuster Gavagan Anti-Lynching Bill, January 7, 1938
  • 11.5.
  • Letter to Rep. Oscar S. De Priest, R-Ill. from Rep. J.C. Shaffer, R-Va., June 18, 1929
  • 11.6.
  • Rep. William L. Dawson's letter to Assistant Secretary of War John J. McCloy, February 28, 1944
  • 11.7.
  • Rep. Charles C. Diggs Jr., D-Mich., comments on Emmett Till murder trial as he enters Look magazine article into the Congressional Record, January 12, 1956
  • 11.8.
  • 11.
  • African American lawmakers oppose the hanging of Rep. Howard W. Smith portrait in HOuse Rules Committee Room, January 24 and 25, 1995
  • 11.9.
  • Democrats express their opposition to the Effective Death Penalty Act of 1995, February 8, 1995
  • 11.10.
  • Sen. Carol Moseley-Braun, D-Ill., argues for resolution of church burnings, June 13, 1996
  • 11.11.
  • Del. Eleanor Holmes Norton, D-D.C., speaks on Racial Profiling Prohibition Act, May 17, 2001
  • 11.12.
  • Rep. Jesse Jackson Jr., D-Ill., attacks the comments made by Sen. Trent Lott, R-Miss., December 14, 2002
  • African American lawmakers fight racism : representatives of an excluded people
  • Documents
  • 11.1.
  • Sen. Blanche K. Bruce, R-Miss., discusses American Indian policy on the Senate floor, April 6, 1880
  • 11.2.
  • Rep. James E. O'Hara, R-N.C., seeks to end segregation on railroads, December 17, 884
  • 11.3.
  • Dellums committee hearings on U.S. Military Policy and War Crimes in Vietnam, 1971
  • 12.4.
  • Rep. Ralph H. Metcalfe, D-Ill., questions Rep. Robert C. Eckhardt, D-Texas, about passenger searches before the House Interstate and Foreign Commerce Committee's Subcommittee on Transportation and Aeronautics, February 27, 1973
  • 12.5.
  • U.S. District Court decision in Dellums v. Bush, December 13, 1990
  • 12.6.
  • Religious Freedom Peace Tax Fund Act, October 9, 1997
  • 12.7.
  • African American lawmakers speak on the House floor about the attacks of September 11, 2001
  • 12.8.
  • 12.
  • Congressional Black Caucus members engage in House debate on the USA PATRIOT Act, October 12, 2001
  • 12.9.
  • Rep. Charles B. Rangel, D-N.Y., justifies resumption of the military draft, November 21, 2006
  • 12.10.
  • Members of the Congressional Black Caucus participate in the House debates on U.S. military intervention in Iraq, March 19, 2003
  • African American lawmakers address war : peace, war and patriotism
  • Documents
  • 12.1.
  • Sen. Blanche K. Bruce, R-Miss., condemns the mutilation of a black cadet at West Point, April 9, 1880
  • 12.2.
  • House Committee on Internal Security Hearings about Students for a Democratic Society, July 1969
  • 12.3.
  • Rep. Charles B. Rangel, D-N.Y., questions administration witnesses during House Committee hearings on Southeast Asian narcotics, July 1977
  • 13.4a.
  • Court decision in Crockett v. Reagan rejects challenge to U.S. policy in El Salvador, October 4, 1982
  • 13.4b.
  • Federal Judge rebuffs challenge to U.S. policy in Nicaragua in Sanchez-Espinoza v. Reagan, August 1, 1983
  • 13.5.
  • Del. Eleanor Holmes Norton, D.-D.C., discusses fighting AIDS in Africa on the House floor, March 14, 2001
  • 13.6.
  • Rep. Gregory W. Meeks, D-N.Y., attacks U.S. role in the ouster of Haitian President Jean-Bertrand Aristide, March 3, 2004
  • 13.7.
  • 13.
  • Congressional Black Caucus's letter to British Prime Minister Tony Blair, June 7, 2005
  • 13.8.
  • Rep. Carolyn Cheeks Kilpatrick, D-Mich., criticizes CAFTA trade legislation, July 27, 2005
  • 13.9.
  • Congressional Black Caucus members are arrested in Darfur protest, May 16, 2006
  • 13.10.
  • Rep. Barbara Lee, D-Calif., and Rep. Al Green, D-Texas, speak about attacks on Israel, July 19, 2006
  • 13.11.
  • Sen. Barack Obama, D-Ill., speaks about the Secure Fence Act, September 21, 2006
  • African American lawmakers and international affairs : America as a world power
  • Documents
  • 13.1.
  • Rep. Josiah T. Walls, R-Fla., speaks on Cuban belligerency, January 24, 1874
  • 13.2.
  • Rep. George H. White, R-N.C., calls for annexation of the Philippines, January 26, 1899
  • 13.3.
  • Rep. George H. White, R-N.C., supports tariffs to protect Southern laborers, March 31, 1897
  • 14.4.
  • NAACP Executive Secretary Walter White's letter to President Herbert Hoover, February 4, 1932
  • 14.5.
  • Rep. Shirley A. Chisholm, D-N.Y., campaigns for the Democratic Party's presidential nomination, 1972
  • 14.6.
  • Rep. Charles B. Rangel, D-N.Y., calls for greater attention to the needs of the poor, May 1973
  • 14.7.
  • Commission to Study Reparation Proposals for African Americans Act, introduced in House November 20, 1989
  • 14.8.
  • 14.
  • Rep. Major R.O. Owens, D-N.Y., raps about the war in Iraq on the House floor, July 18, 2003
  • 14.9.
  • Fair Pay Act of 2005, introduced April 19, 2005
  • 14.10.
  • Rep. Barbara Lee, D-Calif., urges relief for Hurricane Katrina victims, March 14, 2006
  • At the heart of the African American experience : the struggle for economic justice
  • Documents
  • 14.1.
  • Rep. Benjamin S. Turner, R-Ala., proposes a refund of the Cotton Tax on the House floor, May 31, 1872
  • 14.2.
  • Rep. George W. Murray, R-S.C., discusses impact of monetary policy, August 24, 1893
  • 14.3.
  • Rep. Shirley A. Chisholm, D-N.Y., addresses the needs of America's young people, 1970
  • 15.4.
  • Rep. Adam Clayton Powell Jr., D-N.Y., explains black political and social activism, 1971
  • 15.5.
  • Rep. Barbara C. Jordan, D-Texas, delivers the keynote speech at the 1976 Democratic National Convention
  • 15.6.
  • Rep. Louis Stokes, D-Ohio, comments on the "peace dividend," February 7, 1990
  • 15.7.
  • Rep. Gary A. Franks, R-Conn., discusses black empowerment, February 24, 1993
  • 15.8.
  • 15.
  • Rep. J.C. Watts Jr., R-Okla., describes his vision of the American dream, August 13, 1996
  • 15.9.
  • Rep. John R. Lewis, D-Ga., discusses the "beloved community," 1998
  • 15.10.
  • Sen. Barack Obama, D-Ill., discusses the importance of leadership and universal health care, January 25, 2007
  • Visions of America : the dream and the reality
  • Documents
  • 15.1.
  • Rep. Josiah T. Walls, R-Fla., discusses America's Centennial Celebration, May 7, 1874
  • 15.2.
  • Rep. Richard H. Cain, R-S.C., speaks on civil rights legislation, January 10, 1874
  • 15.3.
  • Appendix A : Chronology of major events
  • Appendix B : African American members of the 110th United States Congress
  • Appendix C : African American members of Congress, 1870-2007
  • Selected bibliography
  • Text credits
  • Index
Control code
ocn173640948
Dimensions
27 cm.
Extent
xvii, 574 p.
Isbn
9780872893856
Isbn Type
(hardbound : alk. paper)
Lccn
2007040318
Other physical details
ill.
System control number
  • (Sirsi) o173640948
  • (OCoLC)173640948
Label
African Americans in Congress : a documentary history, Eric Freedman, Stephen A. Jones
Link
http://catdir.loc.gov/catdir/toc/ecip081/2007040318.html
Publication
Bibliography note
Includes bibliographical references (p. 553-560) and index
Contents
  • 1.3.
  • Northwest Ordinance, July 13, 1787
  • 1.4.
  • Constitution of the United States, September 17, 1787
  • 1.5.
  • A petition of four free blacks to the United States House of Representatives, as presented to Congress on January 30, 1797
  • 1.6.
  • Missouri Compromise, March 6, 1820
  • 1.7.
  • Excerpt from pamphlet by Maria W. Stewart, Boston, October 1831
  • Preface
  • 1.8.
  • William Hamilton addresses the Fourth Annual National Negro Convention, New York, June 2, 1834
  • 1.9.
  • Appeal of forty thousand citizens, threatened with disfranchisement, to the People of Pennsylvania, 1838
  • 1.10.
  • Charles L. Remond decries segregation before a committee of the Massachusetts House of Representatives, 1842
  • 1.11a.
  • Henry Clay's resolution, January 29, 1850
  • 1.11b.
  • Fugitive Slave Act, September 18, 1850
  • 1.
  • 1.12.
  • Frederick Douglass outlines his political philosophy for the Rochester ladies Anti-Slavery Society, Rochester, New York, July 5, 1852
  • 1.13.
  • An act to organize the territories of Nebraska and Kansas, May 30, 1854
  • 1.14.
  • Judgment in the U.S. Supreme Court case Dred Scott v. Sandford, March 6, 1857
  • The Revolutionary War to Dred Scott : the antecedents of political empowerment, 1776-1857
  • Documents
  • 1.
  • Declaration of Independence, July 4, 1776
  • 1.2.
  • Petition for voting rights from seven African American men, Dartmouth, Massachusetts, March 1780
  • Preliminary Emancipation Proclamation, September 22, 1862
  • 2.3b.
  • Emancipation Proclamation, January 1, 1863
  • 2.4.
  • Correspondence about the Union Naval Service of Robert Smalls, May 1862 and January 1883
  • 2.5.
  • Petition of the Colored Citizens of Queens County, New York, September 1862
  • 2.6.
  • Letters about the New York City Draft Riots from eyewitness Edward Markoe Wright to his mother, July 1863
  • 2.7.
  • 2.
  • Army appropriations bill mandating equal treatment of African American soldiers in the Union Army, June 15, 1864
  • 2.8.
  • Thirteenth Amendment to the Constitution, passed by Congress January 31, 1865, ratified December 6, 1865
  • 2.9.
  • Confederate authorization to enlist slaves, as promulgated by the Confederate Adjutant and Inspector General's Office, March 23, 1865
  • 2.10.
  • Freedmen's Bureau Act, March 3, 1865
  • The Civil War : the slavery debate erupts, 1860-1865
  • Documents
  • 2.1.
  • Declaration of the immediate causes which induce and justify the secession of South Carolina from the Federal Union, adopted December 24, 1860
  • 2.2.
  • Permanent Constitution of the Confederate States of America, March 11, 1861
  • 2.3a.
  • Fifteenth Amendment to the Constitution, passed by Congress February 26, 1869, ratified February 3, 1870
  • 3.4.
  • Senate debate on the seating of Hiram R. Revels of Mississippi, February 23-25, 1870
  • 3.5.
  • Sen. Hiram R. Revels, R-Miss., speaks in support of school desegregation in Washington, D.C., February 8, 1871
  • 3.6.
  • Rep. Robert C. De Large, R-S.C., supports the Ku Klux Klan Act, April 6, 1871
  • 3.7.
  • Rep. Robert B. Elliott, R-S.C., opposes legislation offering amnesty to former Confederates, March 14, 1871
  • 3.8.
  • 3.
  • P.B.S. Pinchback argues for a seat in Congress, June 8, 1874
  • 3.9.
  • Rep. John R. Lynch, R-Miss., speaks in support of the Civil Rights Bill, February 3, 1875
  • 3.10.
  • Mississippi in 1875, Report of the Senate Select Committee to inquire into the Mississippi election of 1876, August 7, 1876
  • 3.11.
  • Senate Select Committee report on the Freedman's Savings and Trust Company, April 2, 1880
  • 3.12.
  • U.S. Supreme Court decision in the Civil Rights Cases, October 15, 1883
  • Reconstruction : increasing rights and political empowerment, 1868-1883
  • Documents
  • 3.1.
  • Articles of Impeachment of President Andrew Johnson, presented to the Senate by Rep. John A. Bingham, R-Ohio, march 4, 1868
  • 3.2.
  • Fourteenth Amendment to the Constitution, proposed to the states by Congress June 16, 1866, ratified July 9, 1868
  • 3.3.
  • Rep. James E. O'Hara, R.-N.C., speaks against a bill to regulate the oleomargarine industry June 2, 1886
  • 4.4.
  • Excerpts from House debate on the Federal Elections Bill, July 1890
  • 4.5.
  • U.S. Supreme Court decision in Plessy v. Ferguson, May 18, 1896
  • 4.6.
  • Afro-American Sentinel editorial on William Jennings Bryan and his support of Rep. Henry P. Cheatham, R-N.C., August 29, 1896
  • 4.7.
  • Amended Constitution of Louisiana, 1898
  • 4.8.
  • 4.
  • The Democratic Hand Book, 1898, North Carolina
  • 4.9.
  • Newspaper accounts chronicling lynching and vigilantism 1891-1904
  • 4.10.
  • Rep. George H. White, R-N.C., delivers his valedictory speech on the floor of the House of Representatives, January 29, 1901
  • 4.11.
  • A Republican Text-book for colored Voters, 1901
  • 4.12.
  • George E. Taylor accepts the National LIberty Party's Presidential nomination, July 1904
  • After reconstruction : political disenfranchisement and banishment, 1880-1904
  • Documents
  • 4.1.
  • Benjamin Singleton testifies before the Senate Select Committee to Investigate the Causes of the Removal of the Negroes from the Southern States to the Northern States, April 17, 1880
  • 4.2.
  • U.S. Supreme Court decision in the Ku-Klux cases, ex parte Yarbrough, March 3, 1884
  • 4.3.
  • Rep. Oscar S. De Priest, R-Ill., challenges segregation of the restaurant of the Capitol, March 21, 1934
  • 5.4.
  • Rep. Arthur W. Mitchell, D-Ill., addresses declining support among blacks for the Republican Party, June 1, 1936
  • 5.5.
  • Mary McLeod Bethune reports to President Franklin D. Roosevelt on the problems of the Negro and Negro youth, January 18, 1937
  • 5.6.
  • Executive Order 8802, Prohibition of Discrimination in the Defense Industry, June 25, 1941
  • 5.7.
  • "Civil War II," from Marching Blacks, by Rep. Adam Clayton Powell Jr., D-N.Y., 1945
  • 5.8.
  • 5.
  • Executive Order 9981, desegregation of the Armed Forces, July 26, 1948
  • 5.9.
  • U.S. Supreme Court decision in Brown v. Board of Education, May 17, 1954
  • 5.10.
  • Rep. Charles C. Diggs Jr., D-Mich., argues for voter rights legislation, June 10, 1957
  • 5.11.
  • Civil Rights Act of 1964, July 2, 1964
  • The early twentieth century to the civil rights movement : a slow return to Washington, 1913-1964
  • Documents
  • 5.1.
  • Seventeenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, passed by Congress May 13, 1912, ratified April 8, 1913
  • 5.2.
  • U.S. Supreme Court decision in Nixon v. Herndon, March 7, 1927
  • 5.3.
  • President Richard M. Nixon's letter to members of the Congressional Black Caucus, May 18, 1971
  • 6.4.
  • Rep. Ronald V. Dellums, D-Calif., recalls the fight for a prized committee assignment in January 1973
  • 6.5.
  • Opening statements of House Judiciary Committee members John Conyers Jr., D-Mich., Charles B. Rangel, D-N.Y., and Barbara C. Jordan, D-Texas, on the impeachment of President Richard M. Nixon, July 1974
  • 6.6.
  • Office of Management and Budget analyzes Congressional Black Caucus proposals, September 1974
  • 6.7.
  • Excerpts from the 1975 Congressional Black Caucus Legislative Agenda, March 5, 1975
  • 6.8.
  • 6.
  • President Jimmy Carter's remarks at the swearing-in of Rep. Andrew J. Young Jr., D-Ga., as U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations, January 30, 1977
  • 6.9.
  • Humphrey-Hawkins Full Employment and Balanced Growth Act, October 27, 1978
  • 6.10.
  • Legislation creating the Martin Luther King Jr. holiday, November 2, 1983
  • 6.11.
  • Comprehensive Anti-apartheid Act of 1986, October 2, 1986
  • 6.12.
  • Congressional Black Caucus Fiscal Year 1991 Alternative Budget, April 1990
  • The civil rights movement and beyond : equal rights and political empowerment, 1965-1993
  • Documents
  • 6.1.
  • Voting Rights Act of 1965, August 6, 1965
  • 6.2.
  • Rep. Charles B. Rangel, D-N.Y., describes the foundling of the Congressional Black Caucus in 1971
  • 6.3.
  • Rep. Sanford D. Bishop Jr., D-Ga., supports the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Act, July 31, 1996
  • 7.4.
  • Rep. J.C. Watts Jr., R-Okla., delivers the GOP reply to President Bill Clinton's State of the Union Address, February 4, 1997
  • 7.5.
  • Minority report of the House Committee on the Judiciary on the Impeachment of President Bill Clinton, December 16, 1998
  • 7.6.
  • Black Caucus members challenge Florida electoral college votes in the 2000 election, January 6, 2001
  • 7. 7.
  • Rep. John Conyers Jr., D-Mich., attacks challenge to Affirmative Action, April 1, 2003
  • 7.8.
  • 7.
  • Congressional Black Caucus opposes the nomination of John G. Roberts Jr. as Chief Justice, September 20, 2005
  • 7.9.
  • Sen. Barack Obama, D-Ill., on "Teaching our kids in a 21st century economy," October 25, 2005
  • 7.10.
  • Renewal of the Voting Rights Act of 1965, July 27, 2006
  • The modern era : the congressional black caucus and the "Republican revolution," 1994-2007
  • Documents
  • 7.1.
  • Letter by House Committee chairs opposing the appointment of Clarence Thomas to the U.S. Supreme Court, September 11, 1991
  • 7.2.
  • Republican contract with America, September 27, 1994
  • 7.3.
  • James W. Ford Accepts the 1936 Communist Party nomination for Vice President, June 1936
  • 8.4.
  • Edward W. Brooke III of Massachusetts discusses Republican conservatism, 1966
  • 8.5a.
  • Campaign flyer for Charles B. Rangel in New York's Nineteenth Congressional District, June 1972
  • 8.5.b.
  • Campaign flyer for Livingston L. Wingate in New York's Nineteenth Congressional District, June 1972
  • 8.6.
  • Harold Washington delivers his first inaugural address as Mayor of Chicago, April 29, 1983
  • 8.7.
  • 8.
  • Republican Reps. Gary A. Franks of Connecticut and J.C. Watts Jr. of Oklahoma describe their first campaigns in 1990 and 1994
  • 8.8.
  • Republican Alan Keyes and Democrat Barack Obama debate the issues in the Illinois election for U.S. Senate, October 21, 2004
  • 8.9.
  • Political endorsements for Democratic House candidate Keith Ellison of Minnesota, 2006
  • 8.10.
  • Sen. Elizabeth H. Dole, R-N.C., and Sen. Charles E. Schumer, D-N.Y., discuss the Ford and Steele campaigns with Tim Russert on Meet the Press, November 5, 2006
  • African Americans run for office : campaigns and elections
  • Documents
  • 8.1.
  • J. Willis Menard, R-La., tries to claim a seat, February 27, 1869
  • 8.2.
  • Rep. John R. Lynch, R-Miss., recollects his election campaigns, 1872-1882
  • 8.3.
  • House resolution to seat Rep. Adam Clayton Powell Jr., D-N.Y., January 3, 1969
  • 9.3.
  • Appeals Court affirms the corruption conviction of Rep. Charles C. Diggs Jr., D-Mich., in U.S. v. Diggs, November 14, 1979
  • 9.4.
  • Articles of Impeachment against Judge Alcee L. Hastings, October 20, 1989
  • 9.5.
  • Resolution of House Committee on Official Standards authorizing an investigation of Rep. Gus Savage, D-Ill., August 3, 1989, and Savage's letter of apology, November 20, 1989
  • 9.6.
  • Judge's decision upholding mistrial in criminal case against Rep. Harold E. Ford, D-Tenn., in U.S. v. Ford, April 10, 1991
  • 9.7.
  • 9.
  • Federal indictment of Rep. Melvin J. Reynolds, D-Ill., in U.S. v. Melvin J. Reynolds and Marisol C. Reynolds, November 7, 1996
  • 9.8.
  • Opening appellate brief of former Rep. Walter R. Tucker III, D-Calif, in U.S. v Walter R. Tucker, May 13, 1997
  • 9.9
  • Justice Department press release announces criminal case against former Del. Walter E. Fauntroy, D-D.C., March 22, 1995
  • 9.10.
  • Congressional accountability project letter accusing Rep. Barbara-Rose Collins, D-Mich., of ethics violations, October 3, 1995
  • 9.11a.
  • Rep. Frank W. Ballance Jr.'s resignation letter, June 8, 2004
  • 9.11b.
  • African Americans face a political reality : ethics and corruption investigations
  • Statement of House Minority Leader Nancy Pelosi, D-Calif., on Rep. Ballance's resignation, June 8, 2004
  • 9.12.
  • U.S. Court of Appeals decision on the search of the Capitol Hill office of Rep. William R. Jefferson, D-La., August 3, 2007
  • Documents
  • 9.1a.
  • Editorial and letter to the editor opposing Rep. William L. Dawson, D-Ill., as potential Postmaster General, Chicago Daily News, December 1960
  • 9.1b.
  • Letters to President-elect John F. Kennedy, opposing consideration of Rep. Dawson as possible Postmaster General, December 1960
  • 9.2.
  • Letter to President Ronald Reagan from the Congressional Caucus on Women's Issues, September 28, 1982
  • 10.4.
  • Rep. Katie B. Hall, D-Ind., leads debate on bill to establish a national holiday honoring Rev. Martin Luther King Jr., August 2, 1983
  • 10.5.
  • Rep. Barbara C. Jordan, D-Texas, reflects on President Lyndon B. Johnson's Great Society, April 1985
  • 10.6.
  • Sen. Carol Moseley-Braun, D-Ill., pleads the case of battered women, March 30, 1990
  • 10.7.
  • Rep. Cardiss Collins, D-Ill., urges the House to approve the Child Safety Protection Act, May 23, 1994
  • 10.8.
  • 10.
  • Rep. Sheila Jackson-Lee, D-Texas, eulogizes Rep. Barbara C. Jordan, January 24, 1996
  • 10.9.
  • Rep. Sheila Jackson-Lee, D-Texas, argues against impeaching President Bill Clinton, October 6, 1998
  • 10.10.
  • Rep. Maxine Waters, D-Calif., attacks Republicans on Iraq War policies in House debate, June 14, 2006
  • 10.11.
  • Rep. Carolyn Cheeks Kilpatrick, D-Mich., pleads for action on Darfur crisis, September 20, 2006
  • 10.12.
  • Del. Eleanor Holmes Norton, D-D.C., introduces the D.C. House Voting Rights Bill of 2007, March 12, 2007
  • African American women in Congress : a long road to office
  • Documents
  • 10.1.
  • Nineteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution passed by Congress on June 4, 1919, ratified August 18, 1920
  • 10.2.
  • Rep. Shirley A. Chisholm, D-N.Y., supports the Equal Rights Amendment, August 10, 1970
  • 10.3.
  • Rep. Thomas E. Miller, R-S.C., calls for civil rights protections, January 12, 1891
  • 11.4.
  • Opponents filibuster Gavagan Anti-Lynching Bill, January 7, 1938
  • 11.5.
  • Letter to Rep. Oscar S. De Priest, R-Ill. from Rep. J.C. Shaffer, R-Va., June 18, 1929
  • 11.6.
  • Rep. William L. Dawson's letter to Assistant Secretary of War John J. McCloy, February 28, 1944
  • 11.7.
  • Rep. Charles C. Diggs Jr., D-Mich., comments on Emmett Till murder trial as he enters Look magazine article into the Congressional Record, January 12, 1956
  • 11.8.
  • 11.
  • African American lawmakers oppose the hanging of Rep. Howard W. Smith portrait in HOuse Rules Committee Room, January 24 and 25, 1995
  • 11.9.
  • Democrats express their opposition to the Effective Death Penalty Act of 1995, February 8, 1995
  • 11.10.
  • Sen. Carol Moseley-Braun, D-Ill., argues for resolution of church burnings, June 13, 1996
  • 11.11.
  • Del. Eleanor Holmes Norton, D-D.C., speaks on Racial Profiling Prohibition Act, May 17, 2001
  • 11.12.
  • Rep. Jesse Jackson Jr., D-Ill., attacks the comments made by Sen. Trent Lott, R-Miss., December 14, 2002
  • African American lawmakers fight racism : representatives of an excluded people
  • Documents
  • 11.1.
  • Sen. Blanche K. Bruce, R-Miss., discusses American Indian policy on the Senate floor, April 6, 1880
  • 11.2.
  • Rep. James E. O'Hara, R-N.C., seeks to end segregation on railroads, December 17, 884
  • 11.3.
  • Dellums committee hearings on U.S. Military Policy and War Crimes in Vietnam, 1971
  • 12.4.
  • Rep. Ralph H. Metcalfe, D-Ill., questions Rep. Robert C. Eckhardt, D-Texas, about passenger searches before the House Interstate and Foreign Commerce Committee's Subcommittee on Transportation and Aeronautics, February 27, 1973
  • 12.5.
  • U.S. District Court decision in Dellums v. Bush, December 13, 1990
  • 12.6.
  • Religious Freedom Peace Tax Fund Act, October 9, 1997
  • 12.7.
  • African American lawmakers speak on the House floor about the attacks of September 11, 2001
  • 12.8.
  • 12.
  • Congressional Black Caucus members engage in House debate on the USA PATRIOT Act, October 12, 2001
  • 12.9.
  • Rep. Charles B. Rangel, D-N.Y., justifies resumption of the military draft, November 21, 2006
  • 12.10.
  • Members of the Congressional Black Caucus participate in the House debates on U.S. military intervention in Iraq, March 19, 2003
  • African American lawmakers address war : peace, war and patriotism
  • Documents
  • 12.1.
  • Sen. Blanche K. Bruce, R-Miss., condemns the mutilation of a black cadet at West Point, April 9, 1880
  • 12.2.
  • House Committee on Internal Security Hearings about Students for a Democratic Society, July 1969
  • 12.3.
  • Rep. Charles B. Rangel, D-N.Y., questions administration witnesses during House Committee hearings on Southeast Asian narcotics, July 1977
  • 13.4a.
  • Court decision in Crockett v. Reagan rejects challenge to U.S. policy in El Salvador, October 4, 1982
  • 13.4b.
  • Federal Judge rebuffs challenge to U.S. policy in Nicaragua in Sanchez-Espinoza v. Reagan, August 1, 1983
  • 13.5.
  • Del. Eleanor Holmes Norton, D.-D.C., discusses fighting AIDS in Africa on the House floor, March 14, 2001
  • 13.6.
  • Rep. Gregory W. Meeks, D-N.Y., attacks U.S. role in the ouster of Haitian President Jean-Bertrand Aristide, March 3, 2004
  • 13.7.
  • 13.
  • Congressional Black Caucus's letter to British Prime Minister Tony Blair, June 7, 2005
  • 13.8.
  • Rep. Carolyn Cheeks Kilpatrick, D-Mich., criticizes CAFTA trade legislation, July 27, 2005
  • 13.9.
  • Congressional Black Caucus members are arrested in Darfur protest, May 16, 2006
  • 13.10.
  • Rep. Barbara Lee, D-Calif., and Rep. Al Green, D-Texas, speak about attacks on Israel, July 19, 2006
  • 13.11.
  • Sen. Barack Obama, D-Ill., speaks about the Secure Fence Act, September 21, 2006
  • African American lawmakers and international affairs : America as a world power
  • Documents
  • 13.1.
  • Rep. Josiah T. Walls, R-Fla., speaks on Cuban belligerency, January 24, 1874
  • 13.2.
  • Rep. George H. White, R-N.C., calls for annexation of the Philippines, January 26, 1899
  • 13.3.
  • Rep. George H. White, R-N.C., supports tariffs to protect Southern laborers, March 31, 1897
  • 14.4.
  • NAACP Executive Secretary Walter White's letter to President Herbert Hoover, February 4, 1932
  • 14.5.
  • Rep. Shirley A. Chisholm, D-N.Y., campaigns for the Democratic Party's presidential nomination, 1972
  • 14.6.
  • Rep. Charles B. Rangel, D-N.Y., calls for greater attention to the needs of the poor, May 1973
  • 14.7.
  • Commission to Study Reparation Proposals for African Americans Act, introduced in House November 20, 1989
  • 14.8.
  • 14.
  • Rep. Major R.O. Owens, D-N.Y., raps about the war in Iraq on the House floor, July 18, 2003
  • 14.9.
  • Fair Pay Act of 2005, introduced April 19, 2005
  • 14.10.
  • Rep. Barbara Lee, D-Calif., urges relief for Hurricane Katrina victims, March 14, 2006
  • At the heart of the African American experience : the struggle for economic justice
  • Documents
  • 14.1.
  • Rep. Benjamin S. Turner, R-Ala., proposes a refund of the Cotton Tax on the House floor, May 31, 1872
  • 14.2.
  • Rep. George W. Murray, R-S.C., discusses impact of monetary policy, August 24, 1893
  • 14.3.
  • Rep. Shirley A. Chisholm, D-N.Y., addresses the needs of America's young people, 1970
  • 15.4.
  • Rep. Adam Clayton Powell Jr., D-N.Y., explains black political and social activism, 1971
  • 15.5.
  • Rep. Barbara C. Jordan, D-Texas, delivers the keynote speech at the 1976 Democratic National Convention
  • 15.6.
  • Rep. Louis Stokes, D-Ohio, comments on the "peace dividend," February 7, 1990
  • 15.7.
  • Rep. Gary A. Franks, R-Conn., discusses black empowerment, February 24, 1993
  • 15.8.
  • 15.
  • Rep. J.C. Watts Jr., R-Okla., describes his vision of the American dream, August 13, 1996
  • 15.9.
  • Rep. John R. Lewis, D-Ga., discusses the "beloved community," 1998
  • 15.10.
  • Sen. Barack Obama, D-Ill., discusses the importance of leadership and universal health care, January 25, 2007
  • Visions of America : the dream and the reality
  • Documents
  • 15.1.
  • Rep. Josiah T. Walls, R-Fla., discusses America's Centennial Celebration, May 7, 1874
  • 15.2.
  • Rep. Richard H. Cain, R-S.C., speaks on civil rights legislation, January 10, 1874
  • 15.3.
  • Appendix A : Chronology of major events
  • Appendix B : African American members of the 110th United States Congress
  • Appendix C : African American members of Congress, 1870-2007
  • Selected bibliography
  • Text credits
  • Index
Control code
ocn173640948
Dimensions
27 cm.
Extent
xvii, 574 p.
Isbn
9780872893856
Isbn Type
(hardbound : alk. paper)
Lccn
2007040318
Other physical details
ill.
System control number
  • (Sirsi) o173640948
  • (OCoLC)173640948

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